What is a P Visa and Who Qualifies?
The P visa classification is divided into P-1, P-2, and P-3 sub-categories. A P-1 visa is specifically for an athlete or entertainer coming to the US to perform in either a competition or with as a member of a foreign-based entertainment group recognized internationally as outstanding in the discipline for a substantial period of time. A P-2 visa is for foreigners coming to the US to perform as an artist or entertainer under a reciprocal exchange program between an organization in the US and an organization in another country. P-3 visa is for foreigners coming temporarily to perform, teach, or coach in the arts or entertainment fields in a culturally unique program.
A few examples of those who may be in the US in P-1A status include tennis players, hockey team players, and soccer team players. Essentially, those who might not be qualified under O-1, such as amateur athletes, may consider P-1A. A few examples of those who may be in the US in P-1B status include rock bands, jazz bands, circus groups and performers, and trainers. P-2 examples are similar to those of P-1A, but require that there is an exchange between persons of comparable experience and talent. Some examples of P-3 visa holders may include a singing group dealing with cultural music indigenous to their home country. Finally, a “written consultation” is generally required for all P class visas.