By AMBIKA HANCHATE (INDIA)
Today there is a broad – based consensus that the U.S immigration system is broken. This consensus erodes, however, as soon as the options to reform the U.S immigration system are debated. Substantial efforts to comprehensively reform immigration law failed in the 109th and 110th congress. Whether and how the 112th congress will address immigration reform in the midst of historically high levels of unemployment and budgetary constrictions is difficult to project. Because U.S has suffered immigration issues like:-
Illegal immigration: – how many, costs, crime, public health, social security, employment.etc…
Legal immigration ;- how many, legislative options, naturalization, chain immigration, dual nationality, public charge exclusion, entry paths (family, employer, residents, refugee, lottery family sponsored immigrants etc…
National security :- entry –exit record, policy recommendations, visa waiver program, NAFTA highway north American union.
Labor and economics’; – job displacement, labor market, economy, welfare, wages in agriculture, costs, free trade agreements.
Guest workers: – temporary visa types, high tech, agricultural workers, unskilled, company transfers.
Population environment: – population growth, sprawl, traffic, fresh water resources.
Societal issues ;- assimilation, poverty, schools, hate crimes, hit and runs, brain drain, non – citizen voting, opinion polls. Etc…
These all are the above issues / problems faced U.S. so today reforms is must for that. Let I will tell you brief as per below…..
Immigration reform :- in the U.S is a term used in political discussion regarding changes to current immigration policy of a country. In its strict definition, “REFORM” means to change in to an improved from / conditions. By amending/ removing faults/ abuses. In the political sense, immigration reform may include promoted, expanded / open immigration, as well as reduced / eliminated immigration. This term is also widely used to describe proposals to increase legal immigration while decreasing illegal immigration, such as the guest worker proposal supported by George w. bush. Illegal immigration is a controversial issue in the U.S. Proponents of greater immigration enforcement argue that illegal immigrants costs tax payers an estimated $338.3 billion dollars & jeopardize the safety of enforcement official and citizens, especially along the Mexican border.
In 2006, the U.S house of representatives passed the border protection, anti – terrorism, and illegal immigration control act 2005, and in 2006 the U.S senate passed the comprehensive immigration reform act 2006. Neither bill became law because their differences could not be reconciled in conference committee. The legislative negotiations and national activism behind immigration reform from 2001 – 2007 is the subject of 12 – part documentary film series how democracy works now. In 2009 the immigration reform became a hot topic, since the BARACK OBAMA a administration recently signaled interest in beginning a discussion on comprehensive immigration reform before year’s end. The proposed comprehensive immigration reform plan had as its goal bipartisan support and includes six sections designed to have “something for everyone” these six sections are :-
a) To fix border enforcement
b) Interior enforcement, such as preventing visa overstays.
c) Preventing people from working without a work permit.
d) creating a committee to adapt the number of visas available to changing economic times.
e) An ‘amnesty’ type of program to legalize document immigrants.
f) Programs to help immigrants adjust to life in the U.S
In 2010, academic study has shown that when immigration issues receive national media attention, established residents living in places that have seen influx of new immigrants suddenly become much more politicized against immigration. This suggest that it is not the influx of new residents/ new proximity to established residents that stir anti – immigrants, sentiments, rather, resentment is spurred by the healed and prominent nature of the debate itself. The study, done by George town university and published it like “ examined more than 12 different surveys relating to immigration, anti – immigration attitudes among established resident in fast – changing countries increases by 9.9% the study authors states that ethnic and racial surroundings appear to affect American’s political attitudes for less than previously thought. “those who live near larger proportions of immigrants do nIot consistently exhibit, more negative attitudes. “rather, the author concludes’ day to day encounters can be shaped by silent national issues.
So the federal government employs an enforcement heavy approach to immigration control. More than 20,000 U.S border patrol agents are operate along the borders, and the obama administration has also conduct a series of nationwide immigration sweeps to arrest undocumented criminal offenders and increased audits of companies hiring unauthorized workers. And the administration has also expanded the secure, communities programs, started in 2008, against illegal immigration. And now a day’s also US taking /doing working on this issue.
Reforming legal immigration :- reforming the cumbersome visa and citizenship process for immigrants particularly skilled foreign workers in high – demand STEM (science, technology, engineering, math’s) fields is priority to ensure that the country retains its competition’s in the global economy, say some experts and politicians, who are concerned about the prospect of a “reverse brain drain” within congress, several proposal have been made to improve this process including the bipartisan start up Act 20 which would introduce a :start up visa” for foreign entrepreneurs who demonstrate all intent to create business and jobs in the U.S well as eliminate individual country visa quotas and offer a new type of visa to foreign students graduating in STEM fields in US universities.
Guest worker programs for unskilled workers particularly in the agricultural sector have also been the subject of heated debate. Critics of the existing H – 2A program, which grants temporary visas for seasonal agricultural work, say it is too costly and inflexible for farmers and has not sufficiently curbed illegal immigration. So the agricultural all job opportunities, benefits and security (AgJOBS) Act, a bill that modifies the H – 2A program and allows undocumented agricultural workers to apply for green card under certain conditions, and also over the past decade, the DREAM Act would provide a pathway to citizenship for undocumented youth who immigrated as children with their families to the U.S in April 2012, republican senator Marco Rubio proposed a version of the act that would grant a temporary , renewable “non – immigrant” visa to undocumented youth who fit DREAM Act criteria, rather than green card. In June 2012, president obama announced that the federal government would no longer deport undocumented youths who immigrated to the U.S before the age of 16 and are younger than 30, have been in the country for five continuous years, and have no criminal history, under the new policy, these immigrants would be eligible for two year work permits that have no limits on how many times they can be renewed. So this type U.S government will take actions. Any way it must to take new actions/plans in future , against U.S immigration issues. Because day to day criminals, terrors, issue creators are growth in the earth, so I must say here one line to all youths/ peoples (who want to go/ live long period in abroad) please follow up their government rules/ do duties of their country until your visa date expired, afterwards also co – operate with reforms against immigrants issues. That’s all! Then only we can create new U.S i.e. “Free from issue immigrants world”.
Views and Opinions expressed in this essay do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the Shah Peerally Law Group PC and its affiliates.